A report by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees confirmed that the number of displaced persons due to wars and crises in the world has doubled in the last ten years to exceed 82 million people, which UNHCR described as a record number, explaining that the number of refugees and forcibly displaced people has reached more than 30 million.
He noted that forced displacement is now affecting more than 1% of the world’s population – specifically 1 in 97 people – with more and more of those fleeing unable to return home.
UNHCR’s annual Global Trends Report, two days before 20 June, World Refugee Day, showed that 79.5 million people had been displaced from their homes by the end of 2019, a number never higher than before.
In the details of the UN report, at least 100 million people were forced to flee their homes in the past decade in search of shelter, whether inside or outside their countries, meaning that the number of people fleeing their homes exceeds the total population of Egypt, which is the 14th country in terms of population .
The level of forced displacement has almost doubled since 2010 (41 million people compared to 79.5 million now).
The report says that 80% of the number of displaced people around the world live in countries or regions affected by food insecurity and acute malnutrition, and many of these countries face risks related to climate and other disasters.
In addition, more than 3 quarters of the refugees in the world (77%) are stuck in long-term displacement situations, such as the situation in Afghanistan, which is now in its fifth decade.
More than 8 in 10 refugees (85%) live in developing countries, usually countries adjacent to the country from which they fled.
The report shows that there are 5 countries that make up two-thirds of the number of cross-border displaced people: Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar.
The Global Trends report includes all major IDPs and refugees, including the 5.6 million Palestine refugees under the mandate of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA).