The term Fellata is used to denote the Fulani, Hausa and Bornu nationalities, who are mostly descended from West African migrations.
You know them by their fair skin, their delicate noses, and their long necks, as well as by the bright colors of their women’s clothing and their graceful adornment, with their ease and kindness.
In the past, the traveler Ibn Battuta said about them, “I saw semi-white people, Arab in face, traveling alone in the woods, and their living bee grazing cows.”
These are the “Falata” or the so-and-so whose documentary Al Jazeera narrates their path through history in a film entitled Al-Falata, “Descendants of Noah” within the series “The Fabric of a Nation”.
The term Fellata is used to denote the ethnicity of Doe, Hausa, and Bornu, who are often descended from migrations from West Africa, especially Nigeria, as this nationalism constitutes a significant proportion of the population of the African continent with its diverse borders, countries, languages, customs and cultures of its diverse peoples. https://www.youtube.com/embed/as8Mui55ra4?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=en-US&autohide=2&wmode=transparent
Disagreement in their genealogy
Some of the Fellata family trace their origins to Uqbah ibn Nafi, while other researchers trace the higher origins of the Falata or Fulani nationalities to Ham ibn Noah.
The first to suggest this vision was the contemporary European historians, Maulian, who spoke about their Ethiopian protector origin, after noticing an important convergence in customs and descriptions between the Fulani and the Nubians.
As for Barth, it is believed that they were displaced from East Africa and settled in the north of it before the arrival of the Berbers, then descended through the Far Maghreb in 150 BC, and reached the Senegal River Basin area under the pressure of the Arabs and settled in the Fouta Toro region.
Miller tried to prove Bart’s assumption by finding a relationship between the language of the Fulani and the language of the Kordofan Nuba, but another group of historians assumes that the origins of the Fulani go back to Libyan origins and came through a wave of historical displacement from Egypt and Asia, such as the tribes that Herodotus talked about in his fourth book.
Vincent Montai asserts that the Fulani came from Upper Egypt and migrated from it through the Maghreb and then descended to Senegal.
However, many African researchers strongly criticized the thesis presented by Western researchers, which supposes the arrival of so-and-so from outside the African continent and considered it part of the propaganda of the colonial invader and usurper of the power and authority of the African peoples.
Some of the descendants of the Fallata trace their origins to Uqbah bin Nafi, while other researchers trace their origins to Ham bin Noah.
Cow and ruminants
The Fellata lives in many African countries and constitutes one of the national factions or the people of the Fulani. It has an influential presence and continues to this day to preserve its traditions of living with long-horned cows, moving in different seasons of the year between several governorates and multiple countries within the continent that have experienced its plains and valleys since thousands of years.
The difference in their appearance from the rest of the tribes of Africa did not lead to the conclusion of their affiliation, but rather it formed a doubt about their identity.
The Fellata or Fulani live in West Africa, where they are the largest center of their existence, and they have established in Nigeria a strong authority that lasted for more than a century under the leadership of Sheikh Osman Dan Fodio and his descendants.
In the Fota area, adjacent to the Senegal River, there is a section of them that had a prominent political role during the last four centuries in the West African region, where strong Islamic authorities and kingdoms arose and their influence is still continuing in this region, and also extended to Sudan, which formed a transit station towards the Hijazi countries for pilgrimage, As well as their access to the central regions of this country.
In these areas, they found the climate fertile and favorable, so they were blessed with a place. They were used to continuing to feed the cows on the banks of the Nile and its fertile canals, so they resided in Sudan for centuries.
In the city of Wau, west of Bahr al-Ghazal, the Fellata nationality becomes clear to you by the color of their light skin, the shape of their delicate noses and long necks, as well as the colors of their women’s shining dress and their beautiful adornment. .