The Egyptian Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation announced that the water-passing holes in the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam can pass the annual disposals of the Blue Nile, at a time of renewed controversy and contradictory statements about the dam’s repercussions on Egypt’s water share.
This came in a statement issued yesterday, Monday, by the ministry’s media spokesman, on his official Facebook page, and said that it was an explanation of “what was circulated on social media regarding the levels of the holes in the Ethiopian dam.”
The statement explained that the maximum water level in the dam is 645 meters, the maximum storage level is 640 meters, and the river bed level at the dam is 500 meters, noting that the height of the main dam is 145 meters, and the maximum height of water storage is 140 meters.
The dam includes – according to the statement – two exit holes for low turbines (early generation), located at a level of 542 meters, and in order to generate electricity, it requires the lowest level of water reserved in front of the dam at a level of 560 meters, corresponding to a total storage volume of about 4 billion cubic meters. of water.
He pointed out that the dam includes 11 holes for the exits of the upper turbines located at a level of 578 meters; In order for the upper turbines to generate electricity, the lowest water level reserved in front of the dam is required at a level of 590 meters, corresponding to a total storage volume of about 15 billion cubic meters of water.
Concluding, “This means that the water passage holes are located at a level less than the maximum level of the dam by between 103 and 67 meters, and that the carrying capacity of making these openings throughout the year can discharge the annual disposals of the Blue Nile,” before the Ministry of Irrigation spokesman deleted the paragraph last statement.
Blue Nile imports (Ethiopian sources) contribute to Egypt about 55.5 billion cubic meters, representing about 85% of its water share, along with about 12 billion cubic meters of White Nile imports, and representing 15% of Egypt’s water share (the sources of the tropical plateau), and there are Egyptian concerns. From a severe shortage of its water share after the completion of the construction and operation of the dam, unlike evaporation losses.
Followers linked the statement of the Ministry of Irrigation to the speech of the engineering consultant and political activist, Mamdouh Hamza, on his Facebook page about the dangers of the dam, where he stressed the seriousness of the talk that the dam’s openings pass the actions of the Blue Nile in full, and cited international research indicating that the dam is multi-purpose, including storage, agriculture and water sale.
The engineering consultant also warned – according to the research – that Ethiopia will build 4 dams; Two of them are for storage, one of which is the Renaissance Dam, and that Egypt’s imports from the latter will only be surplus from the Ethiopian filling program, denouncing his country’s continuation of negotiations with Addis Ababa.
It seems that the statements of the consulting engineer, Mamdouh Hamza, caused some inconvenience to government departments in Egypt, as the two media figures close to the authority, Ahmed Musa and Nashat Al-Dehi dedicated parts of their daily appearances to criticize Hamza’s statements without referring to him by name, focusing on the fact that the issue is technical and he should only talk about it. Specialists from the Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation.