When it comes to protecting children from accidents, knowledge of the basics of first aid should not be abandoned in the case of minor and frequent accidents for children.
Here is a set of procedures that parents should know to avoid confusion or wrong reactions when the child is injured, but it should be noted that the following tips do not replace going to the doctor or emergency if symptoms persist. Read also So that your child does not become a victim of educational differences .. 6 ways to harmonize between parents الأبCalm Corner.. Your way to control your child’s tantrums without violence How do you explain to your child the meaning of war and the right of the homeland?Skills and benefits .. Here are these tips to raise your child to love reading
Cold compresses are the quick and most effective solution to bruises to reduce swelling.
Cuts and scrapes
Small cuts and scrapes can be easily treated at home. If there is little bleeding, you can apply gentle pressure to the wound to stop the bleeding.
Next, wash your hands, wash the wound with soap and water if it is dirty, then apply antibiotic ointment, then put a bandage on the area.
If your child has a deep wound or if his skin has been punctured by an object, you need to take him to the doctor for stitches and possibly a tetanus vaccination to avoid infection. While you wait for medical attention, apply pressure to the wound to stop the bleeding.
Insect bite treatment
Many insect bites and stings are annoying, but relatively harmless. Animal bites always require medical follow-up.
The American Academy of Pediatrics ( AAP ) recommends the use of cold compresses to reduce swelling and pain, and parents should ask the pediatrician about available pain relievers and the appropriate doses for their child.
Most insect bites are uncomfortable and itchy. If your child seems very uncomfortable or the bites are unusually swollen, talk to your doctor about ointments that may help, as well as over-the-counter antihistamines.
Spider bites require a call to a pediatrician. If your child has been bitten by a tick, the tick should be removed with forceps and placed in a sealed bag. If your child develops a rash or fever immediately after a tick bite, he or she should be taken to the pediatrician, and the cyst containing the tick should be shown, so that the pediatrician can identify it and provide appropriate treatment.
Head lump and swelling
A slight bump on the head is usually not a problem for the baby. If your child’s head hits something hard and does not lose consciousness and suffers a slight bruise, his condition should be monitored and consult a pediatrician if you have any concerns, but in all likelihood, your child is fine, as long as he did not fall asleep immediately or did not faint or vomit, and did not complain If you have a headache, feel dizzy and drowsy, or feel confused and unattentive, in these cases, you should call an ambulance or call your doctor
Parents should also pay attention to the following symptoms as a risk indicator of the child’s condition after a head injury:
- If he was exposed to bleeding or water or blood coming out of the ear or nose
- If he experiences a speech or attention disturbance.
- If he cannot move any part of the body.
- If he has cramps or sweating.
- If he lost consciousness.
- If he is exposed to any problem with vision.
Do not try to transport the child yourself or deal with his condition, but you should call an ambulance or take him under medical supervision to the hospital.
Although nosebleeds in children are frightening, they are common in traditional childhood, if your child has a sudden nosebleed but appears to be fine, there is no cause for concern. Make his head tilt forward slightly, and gently press on the nose area by applying thumb and forefinger pressure together.
If the bleeding does not stop after 5-10 minutes or if the bleeding is profuse, call 911 immediately.
How to treat a burn
The first thing you need to do if your child gets burned is to remove the cause of the injury. You can pour cold water on the burn to relieve the pain, but it is not recommended to apply ice or any other material. Burns with blistering and a deep or very large burn require medical attention, so if the burn is deep, take the child to the hospital.
Fainting is undoubtedly a frightening experience for a child. His pulse and airway must first be checked to make sure he is breathing.
If your child is not breathing normally, CPR should be given.
Sometimes children who lose consciousness vomit. If this happens, the child should be tilted on his side so that he does not suffocate. In addition, raise the child’s feet above the level of his heart.
If you feel your child has been sprained or broken, gently wrap the area in a piece of cloth without applying pressure. Do not try to stretch it or attach a brace. Apply cold compresses to it and go straight to the doctor.
If your child is unable to breathe (you can’t see his chest moving up and down), isn’t coughing, can’t talk, or his body or face turns blue, you should perform CPR, while calling for an ambulance at the same time.
Coughing is a good sign and allows your child to expel the choking object from the airway. https://www.youtube.com/embed/SqpcTF2HFvg?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=ar&autohide=2&wmode=transparent
Most adults can perform the basic Heimlich maneuver even if they are not trained in CPR. The Heimlich maneuver is intended for children over one year of age. Here’s how to do it according to the American Academy of Pediatrics:
- Grasp your hand and cover it with your other hand.
- Place your hands in the area just above your child’s navel.
- Push your hand until the body is freed from the airway.