It is the Cairo of Al-Muizz or Al-Mahrousa, as some like to call it, and they say it is the jewel of the East, and it is also the city of a thousand minarets, and some call it the Paris of the East. All these are titles for Cairo, the largest city in Africa and the Middle East, and one of the twenty largest global cities.
From Al-Moez Street, we will start on God’s blessing. Sameh Al-Zahar, a researcher in Islamic history and Cairo’s antiquities, will accompany us on this tour through the streets and lanes of ancient Cairo, along with the painter Mohamed Wahba El-Shennawy. Al-Mahrousa, to be shown by Al-Jazeera Documentary Channel in the series “Heart of a City”.
Cairo, the city of a thousand stories, every era that passed by it left a mark that still appears on it now, victories, defeats, conspiracies, anecdotes, makers and artists who inherited the skill of their ancient Egyptian ancestors. We will tell about historical facts, fictional events, stories and tales that were mixed in the end into one legend that tells the story of an ancient city called Cairo.
The beginning of Cairo was not only with the Fatimid state, the name alone and the final form may be what is associated with the Fatimids. As for the city and its land, it began in the year 31 BC, when Cleopatra was defeated by Octavius, where all the Western Romans’ possessions came to Easterners, the shape of the city changed.
In the Roman era and before the advent of Christianity, the Holy Family arrived in Cairo to escape from “Hedryus”, the Roman ruler of Jerusalem, and their path was difficult, harsh and long, and at every station they stopped and hid, people built a church after them, from the Babylon neighborhood to Mataria to Upper Egypt, the Hanging Church was the first These churches, called the suspended because they were built on top of two towers of the fortress of Babylon.
The church was built in the shape of Noah’s Ark and was the seat of the Coptic Patriarchs for a long time. As for the Babylon Fortress, it is one of the most important Roman fortresses. It was built in the 12th century AD, and historians trace its first construction back to the 4th century. On the Nile page to give him a wonderful view.
The city of Fustat, which was built by the companion Amr Ibn Al-Aas, later became Cairo
The conquest of Egypt.. Arab Artbun atop the walls of Babylon
When the Islamic conquest arrived in Egypt, the army stood helpless in front of this fortress and besieged it for seven months, until the great companion Al-Zubayr bin Al-Awwam was guided to the trick of long wooden stairs and ropes, and he climbed the fortress and grew up. Approval for the 19th year of migration.
The Muslim leader and great companion Amr ibn al-Aas built the city of Fustat to be the seat of his rule in Egypt. Fustat is a word that was said to have Greek origins and means fortress or trench, and most likely it is an Arabic word meaning tent, and it is one of the first cities that formed the entity that was later called Cairo.
In the tenth century AD, the geographer Ibn Hawqal visited the city of Al-Fustat, and wrote about it in his book called The Image of the Earth what it says: A large city with great architecture, fertility, goodness and pleasure, with spacious shops in its shops, with bone markets and luxury stores, an elegant view, gentle air, fresh orchards, and parks on the The days are green.
In the 12th century AD, the Crusader leader “Amore” arrived in an attempt to invade Egypt, so the Fatimid minister “Shawer” ordered the people of Fustat to evacuate it, as the city was without walls or fortresses protecting it, so the people came out in fear and panic, and the city was burned completely by the fire of the Crusaders for 54 days It continued until it became ruins, and only the Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque remained standing.