A draft report by United Nations experts warned that the planet is capable of recovering from “major climate change, unlike humanity whose children await a dark future.” And the report document – obtained by the French Press Agency – expected that hunger would include about 80 million additional people due to global warming.
The draft report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change estimated that 420 million people would be exposed to extreme heat waves” if the Earth’s atmosphere increased two degrees above the general average, and the technical summary of the report – located in 137 pages – concluded that “life on Earth can recover from Big climate change by moving to new species and establishing new ecosystems, but humanity is not capable of that.” Read also A new study reveals what global warming is doing to the planet at night Global heat waves are accelerating due to global warming Could Noah’s Ark be a victim of global warming
In 2015, the countries of the world signed the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, in which they pledged to reduce the Earth’s temperature by less than two degrees Celsius, or even 1.5 degrees, compared to the per-industrial era.
Ten years ago, the two-degree threshold was considered acceptable, with a small margin of safety as well, but now the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change believes that exceeding 1.5 degrees Celsius could cause “gradual, severe, over centuries, and sometimes irreversible consequences”.
The World Meteorological Organization had recently reported that there is a 40% chance that global temperature increase will exceed 1.5 degrees by 2025.
Children and grandchildren
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change explains that “the worst is yet to come, and it will affect the lives of our children and grandchildren more than it does ours.” The IPCC adds in its report that even with global warming limited to less than two degrees Celsius, up to 80 million additional people will face starvation. By 2015, an additional 130 million people could fall into extreme poverty within 10 years.
In the year 2050, hundreds of millions of coastal city dwellers will be at risk due to rising sea levels due to global warming, which will also lead to large waves of displacement.
And if the global temperature rise is limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius, an additional 350 million city dwellers will face water scarcity, bringing the number to 400 million people in light of the two degrees Celsius rise in temperature.
The UN report expects that “climate adaptation expenditures for Africa will increase by tens of billions of dollars a year if global warming exceeds 2 degrees Celsius.”
The report warns of other risks of global warming, including the exposure of eastern Brazil, Southeast Asia, central China, and all coastal regions to 3 or 4 simultaneous climate disasters and even more, including heat waves, droughts, hurricanes, fires, floods and mosquito-borne diseases.
Despite the bleak image of the UN report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change offers some hope by saying that humanity can still direct its destiny towards a better future, by taking immediate resolute measures to limit the acceleration of climate change in the second half of this century.
The report stresses that “we need a fundamental transformation of the mechanisms and behaviors at all levels: individuals, groups, companies, agencies and governments”, by redefining lifestyle and consumption.