The Ethiopian newspaper, the Ethiopian Herald, said that the tripartite negotiations on the Renaissance Dam between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia, which lived on the impact of progress at one time and retreat at other times for years, are now presented to the general public in a way that has nothing to do with the problem of water shortage in the Nile Basin or The supposed negative impact of the dam on the downstream countries.
The newspaper stated – in its editorial – that this file should be managed in the same cooperative and participatory manner between the three countries by accepting the basic principle, which recognizes the right of upstream and downstream countries together to benefit from the waters of the Nile; Which will provide creative technical solutions that will be able to solve the outstanding problems.
The 2019 agreement signed between the two countries – known as the Minute 319 agreement – provides for a mechanism for sharing drought responsibility by deducting from the water share allocated in advance to the upstream country if it reaches the level of “Lake Mead” resulting from the US-built Hoover Dam. On the river to 1,075 feet (currently at 1,084 feet), this basin could see for the first time in its history this drought-sharing mechanism activated this summer, with water shares expected to be reduced in Nevada, Arizona, and Mexico.
On the other hand, the newspaper adds, it is no secret to anyone that the benefits of the Renaissance Dam on both Egypt and Sudan are confirmed and backed by evidence. For Sudan, the issue of flood control is an essential given, especially after last year’s devastating flood, which killed more than 100 people and displaced about 500,000 others.
The Sudanese Minister of Irrigation and Water Resources, Yasser Abbas, expressed this matter accurately and clearly, as he said – according to the newspaper – that “Khartoum would not have been exposed to this wave of floods if the Renaissance Dam was complete.”
A recent study conducted by Sudanese researchers, and widely circulated – according to the newspaper – estimates that the gross domestic product in Sudan will experience an annual increase of about one billion to two billion US dollars over the next 40 years, solely by relying on increasing electricity generation and expanding agricultural production thanks to the Renaissance Dam.
The same study also expects that rural Sudanese families will benefit between 21 and 37 billion US dollars during the same period.
As for Egypt – the newspaper adds – the additional storage in the cooler Ethiopian highlands will help it meet its demand for water in times of drought, and when the Renaissance Dam and the High Dam in Egypt’s Aswan will be filled, the combination of the two will represent the largest stock of water throughout the year in a single river basin in the world .
The newspaper concludes that, given the expected warming of the climate in the future, storing water at cooler altitudes will benefit everyone, especially since, in light of the current temperatures, the Egyptian High Dam recorded last year, for example, a loss due to evaporation amounting to 16 billion cubic meters.