Two researchers at Georgetown University in the United States considered that recent years have witnessed a “cultural war” against Islamophobia studies in European countries such as France, Germany and Austria, as governments, political parties and intellectuals in these countries have denied the existence of a problem of Islamophobia in them or in their societies’ dealing with Muslim minorities.
According to researchers at the Political Science of Islamic Studies , John Esposi to and Fred Hafez At an article to two location “Middle East Eye” (Middle East Eye) news Albraitani- that over the past two decades emerged as studies of Islamophobia increasingly as an area of academic sub documenting and challenging the racism, discrimination, hate speech and violence against Muslims all over the world.
Major books, magazines, forums, media reports and opinion polls have dealt with the causes and effects of Islamophobia, yet several European governments are still trying hard to deny the existence of this phenomenon in the first place. The intellectual framework is responsible for creating and promoting a dangerous social divide within society.
Contemporary French philosopher Pascal Bruckner sees – in his book “Imaginary Racism: Islamophobia and Guilt” – that Islamophobia is a pure slander used by Islamists as a weapon of collective intimidation, and concludes that anti-racists have themselves become racists, calling for the defense of “Western values” in the face of these.
The authors of the article believe that this type of anti-Islamic rhetoric has been employed by European governments and other politicians to silence any voice critical of their assimilation policies against Muslim communities.
In Germany, the two ruling conservative Christian parties (the Christian Democratic Union and the Christian Social Union) recently issued a statement referring to a statement by the Dean of the Institute of Islamic Studies at the German University of Münster, Muhannad Khorshid, who said that “terms such as Islamophobia and racism against Muslims have become combative terms for political Islam.” An open letter preceded the statement on the importance of “not submitting to baseless accusations of Islamophobia.”
The authors stated that based on this position against the study of Islamophobia and awareness of its existence, politicians in Austria, Germany and France consider “political Islam”, “Islamic separatism” or “Islamism” the greatest threat facing European society, which allowed political leaders to justify strict measures on some citizens claiming that they constituted danger to society.
Undermining of liberties
As a result, campaigns of raids and arrests were launched targeting Islamic civil society organizations and mosques in the name of protecting the state, although such policies in fact undermine fundamental freedoms protected by the constitution, such as freedom of religion, belief, expression, and thought.
A recent example of the serious repercussions of this “cultural war” – the authors add – is a raid campaign targeting 30 alleged terrorists in Austria last November, and Interior Minister Karl Nehamer announced that the goal was to “eradicate the roots of political Islam,” but when the suspects were interrogated, the suspects were interrogated. Later, they were asked questions that had nothing to do with violence, but rather were clearly influenced by the Western perspective of Islam.
The investigation included questions such as: What do you understand from the term “Islamophobia”? In your opinion, is this term justified? Are Muslims repressed in Austria? Do you wake up your wife to pray at dawn? Do you allow your children to hear music? Is it permissible for your daughter to marry a Christian, a Jew or an atheist? Which reveals – according to the authors – to what extent the phenomenon of Islamophobia has become a “problematic” term for European authorities in light of the continued repression of critical thinkers and Muslim civil society.