Al-Masry’s suffering is similar, due to the closure of the economic sectors, of more than 30 economic sectors, including those that have been closed for 14 months due to the Corona pandemic.
Traveling between the halls of the Pioneers Training Center in the University of Jordan area, he sees it empty except for some remote trainers. The training programs were suspended, causing more than 80% damage and losses of thousands of dinars, according to its director, Muhammad Al-Afouri.
Al-Afouri told Al-Jazeera Net, “The amount of damage that affected the training academies sector is very large as a result of the closure 14 months ago, which helped us reduce the amount of financial losses towards trainers for training through online applications.”
The state of continuous closures of these sectors led to the layoffs of thousands of employees in them – according to experts – but Al-Afouri said that he was able to “adapt to the crisis” and that he was helped by social security programs and government programs to support this sector, waiting for life to return to normal through the government plan. To reopen sectors next Tuesday.
Last week, the authorities announced a plan to reopen closed economic sectors in order to reach a safe summer, and gradually open the sectors in 3 phases, the first of which includes 11 economic sectors, the most important of which are sports, leisure and entertainment facilities, and vocational, technical and educational training centers, according to a plan seen by Al Jazeera Net.
Maha Al-Ali, Minister of Industry, Trade and Supply, explained that “the plan for the early opening of the sectors balanced between the stable health situation and the economic sectors, and is subject to evaluation within 3 important axes, most notably the national vaccination plan, the stability of the epidemiological situation, and the health sector’s ability to deal with the epidemiological situation.” She added, “Any A change in the epidemiological situation will be directly reflected in the plan. “
Al-Ali continued to Al-Jazeera Net, “Any economic facility that fulfills the conditions can restart work directly from the beginning of next June, and it includes obtaining the first dose of the Corona virus vaccine for workers in those facilities and its users, in addition to health protocols related to providing the service, the most important of which is maintaining the wearing of the mask, social distancing and the continuation of Sterilization. “
The implementation of the plan is monitored by 13 official bodies, which monitor the compliance of the sectors and their users with the conditions of public safety – according to the Minister – and these establishments are allowed to operate with a capacity of no more than 50%, and with the presence of an epidemiological health monitor in each facility.
According to the plan, the second phase, at the beginning of next July, includes other mitigating measures, the most important of which is reducing the hours of the night curfew for facilities to start at 12 at night, and for individuals one after midnight, and the adoption of a vaccination certificate as a permit for movement, through which movement is allowed during the curfew times.
The official safe summer plan, according to the expert in virology and epidemiology, Azmi Mohafaza, that it “came too late, and it is assumed that it started last month, and is supposed to include an opening of all sectors that are completely closed within health conditions and controls, especially since the epidemiological situation is stable at the blue level, which is The lowest epidemic level. “
He added to Al Jazeera Net, “A study is currently required to examine community immunity, especially since the rate of infection with the virus exceeded 60% of Jordanians and residents, in addition to about 1.4 million people who received the vaccine, which confirms the formation of community immunity.”
According to experts, the positive indicator of the epidemiological situation in the Kingdom depends on two basic criteria: that the infection rate be less than 5%, and that the number of infected people does not exceed 10 cases per 100,000 people. This has been achieved in Jordan over a period of more than two weeks.
Economically, former Minister of Economic Affairs Youssef Mansour believes that “the safe summer plan should be accompanied by the provision of financial liquidity in the markets. The reopening of the sectors is a positive step, but it is late, and it does not include all economic sectors affected by the closures.”
He continued to Al-Jazeera Net, “providing financial liquidity in the markets, by pumping more loans at low interest rates to companies and small and medium-sized enterprises, in order to enable them to rise again, especially the sectors most affected.”
The former minister does not expect that once the sectors are opened, “the economic movement will return to its previous era, especially since the Jordanian economy before Corona in 2019 was suffering from an economic recession. Therefore, what is required is the use of monetary policy tools to save what can be saved from investments in various sectors, after closing the facilities. Economic, and the exit of investors from the Kingdom due to the pandemic. “
Economic analyst Husam Ayesh estimated the losses incurred by these sectors as a result of the continuous closures at more than 250 million dinars (352 million dollars) in addition to moral losses such as the loss of qualified workers, customers, profits and opportunities for their development. https://www.youtube.com/embed/0wkxffKmqdA?version=3&rel=1&showsearch=0&showinfo=1&iv_load_policy=1&fs=1&hl=ar&autohide=2&wmode=transparent
He continued – to Al-Jazeera Net – that the commercial and service sector also recorded losses of up to 20%, although it was not subjected to long-term closures, but the partial embargo policy inflicted losses on this sector.
The industrial sector is better off despite the decline in its exports for the past year by 5 billion dinars (7 billion dollars), 5% of the value of exports, but this decline was compensated by more domestic demand for national products.
The economy was subject to a 1.6% contraction during 2020, according to World Bank statistics, which constitutes 500 million dinars (700 million dollars) of the estimated GDP value of 31 billion dinars (43.7 billion dollars). Government revenues for the past year also decreased by 728 million dinars, and by more than one billion dollars.