While anger prevails in the Egyptian street as a result of the state of no peace and no war between Egypt and Israel and a long wait for a crushing war to avenge the defeat of June 1967; The movie “Khali Balak Min Zozo” came out to cinemas in 1972, to achieve a smashing success that resonated among those looking for two hours of fun on the cinema screen, or angry intellectuals from Salah Jahin, the author of the film and its hero, Soad Hosni, Hussein Fahmy and its director, Hassan Al-Imam.
Critics attacked the great poet Salah Jahin, and the intellectuals did not welcome his transformation from a patriotic poet to the poet of “Zuzu Almaziya” (the name of the dancer in the film), so how dare the Nasserite intellectual to present a show film in these circumstances, and how can Soad Hosni distract the people of Egypt with her dances? Read also The movie “Hana K” .. Costa-Gavras’ masterpiece that did justice to Palestine Historical and imaginary controversy.. “The Lebanese Civil War” in the mirror of cinema Fashion in cinema.. Aesthetics of clothes between adornment and artistic value Horror tops cinema revenues, led by the second part of the movie “A Quiet Place”
It is noticeable that filmmakers tried to forget the setback and the sad years with comedic and daring films, especially in the two years following the year 1967, to the extent that the comedy film “Shenbo in the Trap” is said to have been produced at the directives of President Gamal Abdel Nasser himself; Where he asked the media not to remain sad in the memories of the setback, and to spread joy in the audience, and thus the satirist Ahmed Ragab was assigned to choose a comic idea that he presented with Fouad Al-Mohandes and Shwikar in a radio series that was also produced as a movie in 1968.
This film was the passport of a group of comedies that were produced in a phenomenon that critics called an escape from the bitter reality, so cinemas witnessed the screening of the films “Eve and the Monkey”, “How to Steal a Millionaire”, “The Tale of 3 Girls”, “Thieves but Cute” and “Land of Hypocrisy”.
It took the director Youssef Chahine two years to understand the setback, and whether it was just a military defeat or was it greater than that, then presented his vision of the setback and defeat and its causes in society.
In 1970, Youssef Chahine presented the first of his trilogy films on the setback, which is the movie “The Choice.” In his controversial movie “The Sparrow” (produced in 1972), he presented a speech to step down and military preparations in Sinai, and symbolized Egypt through the character “Bahia”, whose house meets different groups. of the Egyptian people.
The popular October song “We’re Going Shailene fi Edna Selah” was made for this film; In order to urge the authorities to war, the film was banned for two years for attacking the July revolution and corruption that led to the setback, and it was allowed to be shown after the October victory.
The “Outside the Text” program – on Al-Jazeera channel in the episode of the movie Al-Asfour – tells that the censors objected only to simple sentences in the film, but it saw that the film offended Egypt’s reputation, and the decision to ban came from the Minister of Culture Youssef Al-Sibai, who threatened to burn the first copy of the film, The filmmakers have also been accused of receiving money from abroad; Where it was a co-production with Algeria.
As for the movie “The Return of the Prodigal Son” (1976), it was written by Youssef Chahine with Salah Jaheen, in which he presented his vision for the young people who demanded to forget the events of the setback and continue to achieve their dreams. Not from us.”
song on the aisle
After nearly 5 years of setback; The movie “Song on the Corridor”, one of the most important films that presented the June setback through the eyes of Egyptian soldiers, was directed by Ali Abdel-Khaleq and starred by Mahmoud Morsi, presenting defeat and the soldiers’ insistence on fighting; Where a group of soldiers are trapped in a mountain pass.
His director tells that the film cost 19,000 pounds, and the army supported it with 15,000 pounds, and during its screening, ambulances were present next to theaters due to fainting cases due to the impact of the audience.
Serious and daring movies
The years following the setback also witnessed the production of a number of the most important films in the history of Egyptian cinema, most notably “Something of Fear”, “The Land”, “Al-Bostagy”, “Diaries of a Deputy in the Countryside”, “Kandil Umm Hashem” and “The Thief and the Dogs”, and “Gossip over the Nile” and “Sunset and Sunrise”.
But the strange thing is that the cinema was not satisfied with comedy, but also presented bold content that did not suit the conditions of the country, which is engaged in a war of attrition, so the movie “My Father Over the Tree” by Hussein Kamal and starring Abdel Halim Hafez came to achieve overwhelming public success, as if the audience was fleeing from the memories of defeat in the darkness of the hall. Cinema.