Seven years have passed since the memory of Mosul (Northern Iraq) was invaded by the Islamic State on its left and right coasts. The scenes of bloodshed, killing and destruction of infrastructure are still in the minds of the city’s residents, who recalled on Thursday the anniversary of the organization’s control of their city.
The fall of Mosul (the second large Iraqi city) came after the security forces left it on the ninth and tenth of June 2014 alone in the face of ISIS convoys that took control of the city without real resistance from the security forces. Read also The secrets of a proxy battle… the wars of influence that prevented Mosul from rising Between Turkey and Iran… Who wins the race for influence in the city of Mosul? Contrasting the city’s design and civilization.. For these reasons, the Mosulis reject UNESCO’s plan for the reconstruction of Al-Nuri Mosque
This persistent demand reflects popular fears that the scenario of ISIS’s invasion of Mosul may be repeated if the security strategy remains unchanged.
On the other hand, the Iraqi government sends messages of reassurance to the Mosulis, by emphasizing the state’s ability to control the turbulent pace of security in various regions, including the Iraqi-Syrian border strip, which affects the security of Nineveh, which ISIS experimented with years ago.
In an interview with Al-Jazeera Net, Major General Yahya Rasoul, spokesman for the Commander-in-Chief of the Iraqi Armed Forces, confirmed the state’s keenness to maintain security in Nineveh and the surrounding regions and districts, up to the Syrian border, according to a security strategy based on the principle of cooperation between the citizen and military units, especially those related to inference. on the cells of the organization.
Rasoul pointed out that the Iraqi army is currently focusing on securing the borders and intensifying the intelligence effort to prevent a recurrence of the scenario of ISIS penetration into the province again.
No repairs mentioned
On the eve of the battles to wrest Mosul from ISIS, which lasted for more than 9 months, its residents faced a humanitarian catastrophe. The number of dead and wounded numbered in the tens of thousands, the number of those who fled their homes exceeded a million, and entire neighborhoods were destroyed and their homes were flattened, while some basic infrastructures are still completely destroyed.
Commenting on this, Noura Al-Bajari, advisor to the Speaker of the House of Representatives, says to Al Jazeera Net that the variables in Nineveh are many, because some of what was demolished is difficult to repair, such as the old city and the old market, which is considered a Mosul heritage.
She added that the mausoleums of the prophets of God Yunus and Daniel were destroyed, along with the Great Al-Nuri Mosque, which dates back hundreds of years.
Al-Bajari continues saying that Nineveh witnessed a very big demographic change, because it lost many of its components, and there are variables that cannot be repaired, such as the victims who left widows and orphans, as well as the kidnapping of many Yazidi women.
Witness to the disaster
The cost of the Islamic State invasion was too high for the Iraqis; According to figures issued by semi-official organizations, they stated that the control of ISIS over parts of Iraq cost a huge bill, which was the death and injury of more than 300,000 citizens, including at least 200,000 civilians, and the loss of about 30,000 others, in addition to the displacement of millions. And destroy more than 48 cities.
Community activist Dalia Al-Mamari tells Al-Jazeera Net what she experienced herself while she was in Nineveh with her family during the control of the Islamic State, where they were subjected to cruel treatment, and her father was arrested and taken to an unknown destination and his fate is not known until now.
In 2015, the Iraqi Council of Representatives approved the formation of a committee to investigate the fall of Mosul with the membership of 26 deputies. During its work, the committee hosted about 100 people, more than half of whom were military, but the committee was later subjected to a harsh attack by political parties, especially that the final report It held 25 figures responsible for the fall of Mosul at the time, and despite the passage of 7 years since the invasion, calls are still being renewed to hold the negligent to account.
Al-Mamari shared the opinion of a member of the investigation committee, Muhammad al-Abed Rabbo, about the existence of political settlements that exempted the negligent from accountability, but Major General Yahya Rasoul confirmed to Al Jazeera Net that the investigations into the fall of Mosul fall within the governmental authorities, which are concerned with holding accountable the negligent who caused this crisis.
Service and human neglect
The Committee of Regions and Provinces in the Iraqi Parliament confirms the destruction of about 90% of the infrastructure in Nineveh, and although the Parliament considers the governorate a stricken city, the financial allocations were few, and did not rise to the level of the disaster that befell the governorate.
Committee member Shirwan Al-Dobardani told Al-Jazeera Net that the reconstruction of power stations and medical complexes, in addition to water stations, needs 15 billion dollars, while Al-Bajari says that the total amounts for the reconstruction of the governorates affected by the war against ISIS are close to 100 billion dollars.
On the humanitarian front, large numbers of displaced people are still present in the Kurdistan region of Iraq, as well as in neighboring countries, as well as other numbers who migrated to Europe and did not return, according to what the activist Al-Mamari tells.
A member of the investigation committee into the fall of Mosul, Muhammad al-Abed Rabbo, points out that there are negatives represented in extortion and control over the governorate’s economy practiced by the economic bodies and offices of some armed parties and wings.