BAGHDAD – The Iraqi political system does not provide an opportunity for young people to be represented and participate in making sovereign decisions, or to occupy advanced positions in the state, regardless of their educational attainment. This hypothesis that political leaders promise young people to empower and direct them towards political competition remains just talk in the media that did not live up to the aspirations that fit that slide.
But the first achievements of the youth revolting against reality was in October 2019, which prompted the government of Adel Abdul-Mahdi to resign, while Mustafa Al-Kazemi is considered the first prime minister invited from a young generation to occupy the position after 2003. Read also With the Iraqi elections approaching, sectarian quotas are back in their heads again Persecution and impunity… a UN official warns of Iraq’s failure to organize credible elections Al Jazeera Net interviews Hussein Al Hindawi, advisor to the Iraqi Prime Minister for election affairs
This discrepancy raises a series of questions, most notably, did the control of the elderly over leadership positions create a societal political gap with the younger generation? To what extent will the upcoming elections succeed in producing a new political generation? Why are youth political currents increasing, and what is the motive for their plurality if their goal is one?
The report below attempts to answer the questions raised by hosting former ministers and policy experts :
Has the control of old and old politicians left a social gap and a crisis of confidence?
Writer and journalist Karim El-Sayed, in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net, explains the reasons for the multiplicity of youth political currents, as a healthy condition in democratic systems, saying that the recent protests were looking for a new vision and an appropriate alternative to traditional faces and parties. Destinations, and this appeared in the division over participation or boycott of the upcoming elections.
Al-Sayed excludes the ability of the political elite to empower young people, similar to Western experiences, because the ideological affiliations of these forces and the nature of Iraqi society are what define the leadership personality in state institutions, and there are long requirements related to personal history, leadership and experience in the field of work, and this is the most important obstacle in the way of taking over Young people have ministerial portfolios or leadership positions.
In his speech, he stresses Iraq’s need for a new generation and another political thought, especially in the presence of a desire and realistic research that pushes towards crystallizing an alternative generation after the US invasion in 2003, but the will for change must be attended to this youth majority by participating in elections and believing in the effectiveness of the Fund in bringing about change, because The biggest problem lies in the frustration that hangs over the youth, whether in their vision or their confidence in the elections, and this is the most important obstacle to the effective emergence of effective youth faces and forces.
How is the management of young politicians different from the veteran? Does this affect the level of decision-making?
The former Minister of Sports, Abdel-Hussein Abtan – who is classified among the “young ministers” generation – answers by saying that the political reality has produced a group of politicians, and regardless of age, some of them were add and worked sincerely and made a real contribution to changing the reality of the country, and others failed in the experiment Again and again, and the criterion here is not only age, but a positive approach to challenges first, self-affirmation second, and sensing the size of responsibility third, so the generation of new leaders who enjoy acceptance at the popular level will be enough to change the mood of citizens, and thus this acceptance turns into support and support to achieve goals serve the country in the future.
But everyone is aware of Iraq’s need for a new political generation to rid it of its recurring crises?
Abtan says that a popular opinion crystallized before the protests that there is no way out according to the facts, but the protesters gave an added impetus to the youth that strengthened their patriotic positions and imposed them as a force within the battle, and the changes that the protests brought about at the level of the election law and the advance of the date of its conduct contributed greatly to the establishment of youth gatherings and currents A new push towards taking part in political life seriously, and even addressing from within the dome of Parliament every previous or future failure.
Will attempts to keep the old political generation escalate in the upcoming elections if young people register a remarkable presence?
In this regard, researcher and political analyst Bassam Al-Qazwini confirms to Al-Jazeera Net that the number of youth movements came to lose confidence in the political forces that called for change and did not implement any of their promises over a decade and a half, and these forces used to jump on the constitution and laws, but there have become different new youth movements The titles, although their goal is to change the political figures who believe in religious leaders with other figures who respect and commit themselves to implementing the provisions of the constitution.
Al-Qazwini points out that most of the new political generations, including the Kurds, inherited major problems because they tried to maintain the type of foreign relations for the old generation without imposing themselves as a regional or international party with a balanced equation, and therefore we must move to the stage of referendum democracy that the Baghdad government is trying to implement through early elections despite Internal and external difficulties whose tools refuse to hold convincing elections for the citizen and seek to reproduce previous electoral experiences.
After 18 years of recurring problems, how can Iraqis trust the new political generation?
Before answering the question, the candidate for youth elections, Saja al-Bayati, points out that most of the traditional political forces are working to keep young people away from any sovereign position, as well as marginalizing their participation in decision-making.
Al-Bayati asserts that the political generation of young people is the most successful because they represent the link between the past, the present and the future, and this episode is represented by their contemporary crises, wars, economic siege and unemployment, as well as political and partisan divisions, and these circumstances give the new generation a lesson in avoiding these problems and working to reform the system that He has been suffering from these crises over the past decades, in addition to the citizen’s need for an independent official who is not affiliated with external parties, who has the ability to respond directly to citizens’ problems, and this is the most important characteristic of the new political generation of young people.
Why do traditional forces refrain from giving way to a new political generation?
Member of the Islamic Dawa Party Jassim Muhammad Jaafar – who is considered one of the founding generation of the current political system – dismantles the talismans of the repeated demand for a new political generation, as he tells Al Jazeera Net that the new politicians, or what is known as the second generation, do not have strong parties and do not have financial and media capacity or electoral potential such as enjoyed by their counterparts in conventional powers.
The former minister (Jaafar) stressed that the new political generation will fail in the matter of decision-making due to its lack of leaders, and the upcoming voting process will not produce any new political generation, but perhaps in the future there will be an opportunity for the young political generation in governance and decision-making.
Al-Bayati shares the minister’s opinion in splitting his first answer, saying that the partisan candidate – who has a lot of money that qualifies him to spend on his electoral campaign – differs from what the independent candidate who is close to the popular constituency owns, so the young candidate has acceptance in his region and has an audience and prior activities to introduce himself that differ So much about the party nominee.
Al Jazeera Net presented a common question about the possibility of the upcoming early elections succeeding in introducing a young political generation.
The opinions of the guests differed :
Perhaps Abtan’s answer – in which he emphasized the possibility of sorting out a political class of qualified youth who are capable of leadership, good management and planning in the upcoming elections – differs from Minister Jaafar, who believes that the upcoming elections are not pivotal and are similar to their predecessors because the effective traditional forces will remain in control of the situation in the country, while you see Al-Bayati said that the early 2021 elections differ from their predecessors in terms of youth attendance and organization, but the fear lies in fraud and vote-buying, as well as fears of reluctance to participate in the upcoming polls.