Khartoum felt its misgivings last February, when the columns of the armed movements were rushing into it with their equipment and equipment, even though they entered it peacefully and not as a war, as the Justice and Equality Movement did in May 2008.
However, questions about the security arrangements did not stop since then, and until the movements reached the stage of explicitly accusing the military component of the transitional government of delaying the implementation of the security arrangements agreement. Read also Amid disagreements between the civilian and military component, Aisha Al-Saeed resigns from the membership of the Sudanese Sovereignty Council The peace agreement in Juba … Get to know the most prominent armed movements in Sudan The Sudanese government and armed factions of the Revolutionary Front sign a peace agreement in Juba Sudan .. Resumption of negotiations tomorrow in Juba between the transitional government and the Popular Movement, Helou Jinnah
The statement was signed by Lieutenant-General Jumah Muhammad Haqqar from the Sudan Liberation Movement, Lieutenant General Suleiman Sandal from the Justice and Equality Movement, Lieutenant General Saeed Yusef al-Mahel from the Sudanese Alliance, Brigadier General Salah Ibrahim al-Taher from the Sudan Liberation Forces, and Commander Ahmed Yahya Jedo from the Liberation Movement. Sudan – the Transitional Council. ”
How do the security services see the presence of movements in Khartoum?
The presence of the armed movements’ forces in the capital represents a security challenge that increases with the delay in implementing the security arrangements, according to security reports received by the Khartoum state government this month.
According to these reports – which Al Jazeera has reviewed – the presence of the armed movements’ forces makes it difficult for the police to deal with crime.
The reports recommended restricting the armed movements’ forces inside Khartoum, setting a clear timetable for the mergers and demobilization processes, and removing these forces outside residential areas.
The Juba Agreement was signed in October 2020 between the transitional government and a group of armed movements, including 5 movements representing the Darfur path.
Nour al-Daem Muhammad Ahmad Taha, assistant head of the Sudan Liberation Movement for Media Affairs and Public Relations, and the decision-making delegation for the negotiation delegation, defends the movement’s forces in Khartoum, saying that they are limited forces and are designated to protect the movement’s leaders.
According to Taha, the movements’ forces – which represent the revolution and change, and focus on their presence in Khartoum and turn a blind eye to the shadow forces and weapons that are in the hands of the “former regime” militias known to the security services – are intended to abort peace.
The leader of the “Sudan Liberation Movement-Faction of Minni Arku Minawi” told Al-Jazeera Net that the presence of these forces (came) according to the security arrangements agreement, and any talk other than that strikes the agreement and expresses the narrow horizons and advocates of war.
However, Major General Dr. Muhammad Khalil Al-Saim confirms that there is a big question that needs to be answered: Why did these forces reach Khartoum?
He explains to Al-Jazeera Net that the security arrangements agreement stipulated the establishment of shelters for the gathering of these forces, 50 kilometers from residential areas and from any borders with neighboring countries, provided that these centers are easily accessible.
Al-Saim, a professor of international and strategic relations, notes that the agreement granted these forces freedom of movement, but also stipulated that their members enter cities unarmed without weapons.
Implementation of security arrangements..why delay
Brigadier-General Al-Taher Abu Haga, advisor to the President of the Sovereignty Council and Supreme Commander of the Army, Lieutenant-General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, was forced to write an article to respond to the armed movements’ accusations of the military component of being reluctant.
According to Abu Haja, the committees for implementing security arrangements, with the membership of the leaders of the security services and movements, and under the supervision of the Minister of Defense, discussed the reasons for the delay, and concluded that the reason was the economic situation and the difficulty of providing the required financial support.
However, Nour Al-Daem Taha, assistant in charge of media and public relations in the Sudan Liberation Movement, points to the absence of real will and administrative weakness on the part of those concerned, in addition to the failure to establish the implementation mechanisms stipulated in the security arrangements agreement.
He denies that the economic factor is a reason, because the state has sufficient resources, and the establishment of mechanisms and the integration and absorption of movements in the security and military institutions does not require funds, but rather a political decision.
Who is responsible for the delay in security arrangements?
Although Major General Al-Saim believes that the “dollar amounts” may have impeded the implementation of the security arrangements, the government bears the consequences of the shortcomings and failure to fulfill the deadlines for implementing the provisions.
The professor of international relations and strategy notes that forming committees and mechanisms for implementing security arrangements does not require money.
As for Nour Al-Daem Taha, he expanded the umbrella of responsibility to include Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok and the Council of Ministers and Sovereignty, warning that their lack of participation in the management of the security services does not reassure the leaders of the armed struggle.
The movements are calling for the formation of the Joint Supreme Security Committee to implement security arrangements, the joint force to maintain security in Darfur “12 thousand members” and the participation of movement leaders in managing the security services by appointing state ministers in the ministries of defense and interior, and fair representation in the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the leadership of the police authority, and the
What are the prospects for delaying security arrangements?
The delay in implementing the security arrangements has poisoned the atmosphere, which puts the entire peace agreement on the line, especially after the armed movements accused the military component of adopting a policy of gaining time and making other movements to complicate the military scene.
Major General Al-Saem says that immediately after the signing of the peace agreement, the armed movements should have handed over lists of their forces, and formed committees and implementation mechanisms, to block the way to recruiting and selling ranks.
And he continues, “There is a sale of ranks and a new movement in the name of Tamazuj, which is not among the five movements that represented the Darfur path in the Juba agreement.”
Nord Permanent acknowledges that there are parties seeking alternative security arrangements by establishing militias aiming to preserve the old situation and prevent inevitable change after the revolution, but these are old and well-known attempts that will not prevent the army from reforming to be professional and reflect the diversity of Sudan.