British philosopher Bertrand Russell once wrote in the late 1880s, “The problem with the world is that the stupid are confident and the intelligent are full of doubt.” As Charles Darwin said, “Ignorance often breeds confidence more than knowledge.”
And it turns out that both were right, as has shown research that people who are really good are more likely to underestimate their abilities. In contrast, some people are confident in their abilities, even when that confidence is far from reality. This is known as “delusional superiority,” a cognitive bias in which people rate their abilities as above average. Read also Confidence first .. How do smart women progress? Stumbling is not a fall.. Lessons for every father and mother from Malcolm X’s life The youngest member of the “Mensa” association of geniuses.. the two-year-old who amazed the world with her super intelligence All children are smart.. but what are the appropriate ways to teach them?
If you are like most people, and you can admit that you are very good at some things and not so good at others, then you are a normal person.
Dunning Kruger Effect
Some have shown studies that when people have a “delusional superiority” bias, there is a direct relationship between competence and confidence. In other words, the less qualified a person is, the more confident they are that they are indeed qualified.
Stupid people are overconfident about the little knowledge they have, which is a proven theory. Stupid people often overestimate themselves and have a deceptive superiority in their work. This is known as the “Dunning-Kruger effect” and is named after psychologists David Dunning and Justin Krueger, who suggested its existence in a paper published in the American Psychological Association in 1999.
The Dunning-Krueger effect essentially highlights people’s ignorance, as lack or incomplete knowledge prevents them from realizing their own mistakes.
The reason stupid people overestimate their abilities is because they are unable to perceive their lack of knowledge; Which causes them not to recognize their own incompetence, which is the same reason that efficient individuals reduce their relative competence, they know there is more knowledge they don’t realize now.
Awareness of not knowing
Really efficient people are more aware of how unknowable they are. They also have a greater awareness of their area of expertise in general. This gets them into trouble every time they meet people who are overconfident in their opinions, who will never back down; Because their word should be the last.
The advice in this case is not to get frustrated if they don’t understand your point of view, they are too ignorant to admit that they may be wrong.
A showed study that incompetence represents a frustrating triad of ignorance. Incompetent people do not perform at the required speed, do not realize their own lack of competence, and do not recognize the competence of others.
The researchers concluded that “the skills that generate competence in a particular area are often the same necessary skills to assess the competence of others in that area.” In other words, if the incompetent have people reporting to them about work, and they misjudge those reports, it can hurt their jobs as well as their careers.
The old phrase that the fish rots from the head first may describe the detrimental effects that incompetent managers have on their inferiors; But such managers are difficult to correct or criticize, because they do not realize that there is a problem.
They have no desire to improve
Unlike high performers, poor performers do not learn from feedback that indicates their need for improvement.
While conducting the experiment, not only did psychologists David Dunning and Justin Krueger discover that people who scored low in fact rated themselves higher than those who actually scored well; They also found that when confronted with the result, the competent participants improved themselves more, while the incompetent did not change at all, and instead tried to question the validity of the test they took in the study.
Another study conducted in 2020 indicates that individuals of relatively high social class are more overconfident than members of lower class.
Are we all stupid?
writer says Radha Tyagi on “Adtimes” ( Edtimes ), answer no, most us unaware we only “We are not smart.” Most of us think we are better than average. This is what the Dunning-Kruger effect talks about, about illusory superiority. Oftentimes, most of us overestimate ourselves and our abilities.
In fact, some sources indicate that up to 93% of the population consider themselves above average at one time or another, which is statistically impossible.
Tyagi says that philosophers and scientists have repeatedly pointed out that ignorance, deception, and stupidity are major threats to science and society. This is perhaps one of the main reasons why these scholars wanted to study the effect of delusional superiority in the first place.
How do we get rid of that?
The need to fight this kind of human being stems from the fact that no matter how unskilled they are, they are confident of what little they know and still have opportunities to reach the top positions. We cannot allow the world to be run by tough, stubborn and ignorant people.
The problem also lies in the fact that qualified and competent often underestimate themselves, and underestimate their abilities, and this makes them leave the leadership to those who are less intelligent, knowledgeable and able to understand.
To resolve to be always right, and every time no matter how others disagree with you, is evidence of the same folly. On the other hand, to belittle yourself; Because you have to be all-knowing and sure that you know all is not good either.