Experts, working in the field of arms control, and former leaders – the newspaper adds – have been defending for years that the “five countries” – the countries legally recognized as nuclear powers, and which also exercise the veto in the Security Council – re-emphasize what It was agreed upon by the American and Soviet leaders during the Cold War.
For several years, the United States, as well as the leaders of the United Kingdom and France, have been dismissive of this proposition. British and French diplomats are even reported to have secretly briefed nuclear security experts last week that it was not a good time for leaders to say that nuclear war is unwinnable and should never happen. Which clearly shows that their positions are not in line with the last position of the White House.
Common concepts about nuclear weapons are often associated with the meanings of deterrence and “mutually assured destruction”; This means that everyone automatically understands that there is no victor in nuclear war, and no political leader who can, in fact, go so far as to use nuclear weapons.
only goal الهدف
But government policies – the newspaper adds – are much more complex and more dangerous than that. Of the nine countries that possess nuclear weapons in the world, only China and India have declared that they are not willing to be the first to use nuclear weapons, a policy known as “non-violence.” first use” (no first use).
While the United States indicated in its most recent review of its nuclear policy in 2018, that its nuclear weapons are in fact not only found to deter nuclear attacks by others, but also to deter any non-nuclear aggression against the United States or its main allies, and this may relate here to a conventional military attack or a threat A big high tech like a massive cyber attack.
Therefore, it is possible for President Biden to change his country’s policy in this regard, and consider that nuclear weapons should only be used to deter – or respond to – another nuclear attack, a position called “sole purpose”, which he referred to during his election campaign. .
Although former President Barack Obama was in favor of the policy of nuclear disarmament; But he couldn’t go further than a “single-goal” policy, as his efforts were hampered by arguments that some US allies – from South Korea to Latvia – base their security approach on the principle that Washington could use its nuclear weapon against any other country that dared attack them or invade them, like North Korea or even Russia.