With the birth of the moon of the month of Dhu al-Qa’dah, on Thursday, the tenth of this June, the first solar eclipse of the year will be witnessed, during which the moon blocks the sun, leaving a ring of fire that can be seen from the far north of the American continent, in the polar regions and eastern Russia, while other large areas will witness a partial eclipse. to the sun.
Here is the most important thing to know about this phenomenon and how to follow it: Read also You will see it directly with your eyes.. Here are the most important astronomical events of 2021 The only time this year.. a total eclipse and a giant blood moon in the sky today A rare phenomenon… two Gulf annular eclipses of the sun in less than six months It happened on June 21.. Your simplified guide to the most wonderful solar eclipse that the Arab world will witness
1- How does an annular eclipse happen?
A solar eclipse occurs when the moon is aligned between the earth and the sun, completely or partially blocking the sun’s light.
Since the moon passed two days ago at its farthest point from the earth in its orbit around it, its apparent size appears relatively small so that it does not completely block the sun’s disk, so it will leave the outer edges of the sun visible from the earth as a luminous ring.
2- Where can this eclipse be seen?
According to Agency people of, enthusiasts will able astronomical phenomena in only few places At parts of Canada, Greenland and northern Russia to see this episode fireworks, also known as annular eclipse, during which moon will cover 89% of sun disk.
At the same time, this eclipse will appear partially from large areas of the northern hemisphere, during which the sun’s disk appears “nibbled” in a circular motion by part of the moon’s disk.
These areas include parts of the eastern United States, most of Canada, Europe, northern and eastern Russia, and China. Morocco will be the only Arab country that will be able to follow the partial eclipse.
And the percentage of blocking the sun’s disk will vary according to regions. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, sky watchers will see up to 38% of the sun blocked during a partial eclipse, to 24% in Paris and less than 5% in the northeast of Morocco.
As you can directly follow eclipse on number of specialized scientific sites such as site ” Virtual Telescope ” (Virtual Telescope).
3- How long does an eclipse last?
The entire annular solar eclipse lasts about 100 minutes, starting at sunrise in Ontario, Canada (9:30 UTC), before turning north until the eclipse reaches its climax, around 10:41 UTC in northern Greenland.
It ends with sunset in northeastern Siberia. The unique scene lasts about 3 minutes 51 seconds at each point along the path of the annular eclipse.
4- Is it possible to stare directly at the sun?
Although the bulk of the sun disk will be obscured by the moon during the annular eclipse, direct looking at the sun disk may cause severe damage to vision even with sunglasses, so it is recommended to use special eclipse glasses or other astronomical tools designed to follow this astronomical phenomenon.
5- When will the next eclipse be?
If you missed watching the current solar eclipse, you still have another chance this year. A second solar eclipse is expected this year on December 4th.
This eclipse will be total, visible only from Antarctica, and will be partial when viewed from Namibia and South Africa.
As for the next annular eclipse, it will occur on the fourteenth of October 2023, and it will be possible to follow it from the north and center of the American continent, and it will appear from West African countries as a partial eclipse only.