The French poet, Guillaume Apollinaire, said: Fear the day when the train does not move you.
Indeed, traveling on the train is an exciting adventure, as its buzzing has filled the cities with the noise of life and folded the distances from east to west, and it is no longer acceptable to think that it will not affect people.
These days, the pace of technological development is accelerating, and trains are one of the components of the technological revolution since the steam era, and ended with high-speed trains, one of the technological engineering inventions that shook the world.
In this film, the professor of mechanical engineering “Matthewbro” accompanies us on a journey through time, through which we see the path of the pioneers and inventors who made the world small and brought everything far away with their genius inventions, overcoming the obstacles and technological challenges to build intercontinental trains, as well as the “Hyperloop” system inspired by the books of “Joule”. Vern”.
The dragon of the industrial revolution.. the first raindrop is a drop
The beginning of the attempts in England, specifically in the mining area, the cradle of the industrial revolution, was at the hands of the British “Richard Trevithick”, the mechanical engineer who invented a machine with the help of smelting furnaces that ejected smoke, and he did not know that his invention would change the face of the world forever.
“Alan Jones” says it was the first engine to walk on a railroad, on the basis of which all other engines were later built, and when people first saw it, they were afraid of it because it emits smoke like a dragon.
The mechanism of the steam train’s work depends on heating water through a boiler to burn coal until the water reaches a boiling point, then it evaporates and the hot steam enters a U-shaped tube in English, which is the smoke chamber immersed in a water tank, called the cylinder.
The pressure generated by the steam moves the piston, and when the piston stops, a second counter system sends steam to the cylinder, and the piston continues back and forth pulling the “crank”, a hinged arm that transfers movement to the wheels, and the more steam, the stronger the train and its speed.
The first steam machine..a simple idea that made the world a big village
Trevithick was the heir to James Watt, the Scottish engineer who invented the steam engine, while his father was a mechanic. wheels, and moves at eight miles per hour.
Unfortunately for him, there was a problem with the wheels, and the misguided steering obstructed the train and hit the wall, so a great idea came to him: to use the railways that were used to transport heavy loads, and he built a new model and new wheels that he put in the coal mine tracks.
Thus, the first train appeared in history on the morning of April 21, 1804. A large crowd gathered to watch the train, which numbered 70 passengers and consisted of five wagons carrying 10 tons.
That day the train traveled nine miles in four hours, but on the return trip the bolt broke and the boiler was scattered, and in 1808 he made another train called “Catch Me If You Can”, and it worked for a few weeks successfully.
Trevithick ran his train on a London circuit where passengers made short rides for a penny, but the weight of the engine broke the fragile rail, derailing it and bringing an early end to his experiments.
Trevithick was a genius, and he had all the data to start a real revolution, but he did not receive support and support, and he emigrated to Peru in search of silver and died there without being mentioned.