The great poet Abu Tammam al-Ta’i (d. 231 AH / 846 AD) taught us a good Sunnah in the joyful moments of victory, which is to remember the Great Battle of Badr in those moments when hearts beat with joy at the “Day of the Criterion” between truth and falsehood. In keeping with the overwhelming joy that took place in the Arab and Islamic world with the events of the recent “Sword of Jerusalem” battle in Palestine and its amazing victories; In this article, we sought to monitor a number of joyful situations in Islamic history, and the interaction of Muslims with the moments of their victories over the enemies.
Although the manifestations of celebration – in a political-military context – are a goal we seek in this article; The reader will not miss to stand during this on the cultural and cognitive features that accompanied and may have formed those manifestations and attitudes, which are features in which arts, literature, popular events and civilized creations are organized, all of which reveal many of the secrets of human feelings at the stations of joy, and perpetuate the Islamic artistic taste that reveals them.
The tarab songs that greeted the returning Companions with the faithful Prophet ﷺ from the victorious invasions, and the popular gatherings to which the Rightly Guided Caliphs called Muslims to hear the stories of the conquests and the stories of the victorious soldiers of Islam; It remains the historical basis for all the celebrations of victories that followed that early period in the history of Islam.
As for one of these Rightly Guided Caliphs – Al-Faruq Omar Ibn Al-Khattab (d. 23 AH / 644 AD) – he established this joyful trend in the lives of Muslims with a precedent that came in a strange way. He used the representative “drama” when one of the Companions dressed up as Khosrow of Persia and ordered him to assume his appearance and pomp, as if he was that defeated emperor who had always terrified the Arabs at his remembrance and danger!
Perhaps Al-Faruq really intended to celebrate, but he also wanted to raise the morale of the masses of Muslims, and break the arrogance of the regimes of their time in their hearts, a dimension that we find repeated later in many military parades known to Islamic history, including processions parade spoils – and sometimes Leaders and kings – defeated powers.
It is remarkable that the legislation of Muslims’ joy of victory did not depend on them owning it exclusively or partially; They rejoiced – while in Mecca suffering from weakness and targeting – what the Holy Qur’an called “the victory of God” which he wrote for the Romans over Persia, a victory in which Muslims did not participate in reality, but they rejoiced in it because it represented a setback to the pagan power of the forces of global arrogance at the time.
The songs of victory continued to be seen and developed in the lives of Muslims, as often as there were sorrows of defeat and defeat. Each era had its own characteristic and style in those celebrations, and poetry – as the Arabs’ diwan – had a large share of it, so that the poems of victory and conquest refuse to be counted, and a remarkable presence was recorded for decorating and lighting cities, beautifying streets and homes, and organizing parades, processions and boats.
Rather, these celebrations spread to the sea with the participation of Islamic naval fleets in their activities, especially in the era of these golden fleets during the Mamluk and Ottoman days. As many aspects of the celebration varied; Its arenas were distributed among the countries of Islam, horizons and ethnicities, in a way that is easy to compare with what we are witnessing today with the setback of the brutal Zionist occupation in front of the bold and creative Palestinian resistance. The conquest of Constantinople shook the entire Islamic world, and the streets of Cairo and the Levant were illuminated, and the cities of Persia and India rejoiced!!
The Holy Qur’an instilled in the hearts of Muslims – who are a persecuted minority in Mecca – the aspiration to win over enemies and joy in the victory of God Almighty for them and for the followers of the heavenly religions when they struggle against the front of pure polytheism. rum in the lowest land, and they after their victorious in a few years, God is before and after, and that day believers will rejoice victory Allah(.
In that, Imam al-Dhahabi says in ‘History of Islam’: “There was a famous epic between the Romans and Persia, in which God’s victory was for the Romans, so the Muslims rejoiced in that because the People of the Book in the campaign were victorious over the Magi!” The epic that al-Dhahabi refers to here is the huge “Battle of Issus,” which took place between the two empires in the year 622 AD, the same year in which the Prophet’s migration from Mecca to Medina took place.
And after their migration to Medina and the establishment of the Islamic state on its soil; The first thing that the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, did – after God’s clear victory to him in the Great Battle of Badr in the year 2 AH / 624 AD – was to send to the people of Medina those who would give them good tidings of victory, and the people of Medina responded to that joyful news and organized official and popular receptions, congratulating the Prophet ﷺ and his early companions. The first decisive victory in the march of Islam.
The great historian Ibn Jarir al-Tabari (d. 310 AH / 922 AD) tells us – in his history – that the Messenger of God, peace be upon him, sent “at the conquest Abdullah bin Rawahah (d. 8 AH / 630 CE) a herald to the people of Al-Alia (= the southern suburbs of Medina) of what God had conquered his Messenger, peace be upon him. And upon the Muslims, and sent Zaid bin Haritha (d. 8 AH / 630 AD) to the people of the lowly (= the outskirts of the northern city).
The celebration of the people of the city at that time of this great victory combined the official manifestations of the people of the city, such as welcoming him, peace be upon him, to Al-Rawha’ and congratulating him on the victory, and the spontaneous popular interaction with the event carried out by the common people – including boys and newborns – who sang songs and played tambourines.
We find these ceremonial details in the historian al-Faqih al-Maqrizi (d. 845 AH / 1441 AD) in his book ‘Imti’ al-Asma’; In a topic entitled: “Good news for the people of Medina with the victory of the Messenger of God” This insightful historian conveyed to us the atmosphere of the entry of the two tidings of the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, to the Prophet’s city, and the interaction of its people with that great tidings.
Al-Maqrizi says: “Zayd bin Haritha and Abdullah bin Rawahah came from Al-Atheel (= today the village of Al-Hussainiya 130 km west of Madinah) to Madinah, so he came.. The dawn came (= before the sunset), so Abdullah called: O people of the Ansar, rejoice in the safety of the Messenger of God and the killing of the polytheists. Then he followed the role of the Ansar and gave good tidings to them, and Zaid bin Haritha presented the camel of the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace, ‘Al-Qaswa’, giving good tidings to the people of Medina, but the hypocrites did not believe that and reviled them!!
and about the cheerful popular reception organized for the victors at the entrance to the city; Al-Maqrizi adds: “People received the Messenger of God, peace and blessings be upon him, by al-Ruha’ (= a valley between Mecca and Medina) congratulating him for the conquest of God. (2 AH / 624 AD) and the children received him with tambourines, saying:
The full moon has risen upon us ** from the folds of farewells
It is obligatory to give thanks to us.
Al-Maqrizi tells us that this ceremonial scene was also repeated when the Prophet ﷺ returned from the last expedition he conquered, the Battle of Tabuk in the year 9 AH / 631 AD; He, peace be upon him, “when he approached Medina, people went out to meet him.. and boys and newborns were saying” the previous anthem
The important feature here is that the occurrence of this joyful celebration in the last battle of the Prophet, peace be upon him – which is Tabuk – confirms that celebrations of victories took place from the Battle of Badr until his death, peace be upon him. It has been developing and expanding throughout the ages of Islam.
During the era of the successor of the Messenger of God, peace be upon him, Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq (d. 13 AH / 635 AD) – may God be pleased with him – the celebrations of victory witnessed a protocol development, which was represented by his personally – and with his advisors from among the senior companions – of the bearers of good tidings of conquest and victory, and then by his gathering of people in the Prophet’s Mosque – In times other than prayers – to hear the messages of conquest of victory and the field reports they carry on the developments of Islamic battles; Perhaps they were crowded to hear it in the mosque, just as the crowds of popular festivals are crowded today!!
Imam Ibn al-Jawzi (d. 597 AH / 1201 AD) tells us – in ‘Al Muntazim’ – that the first army sent by Caliph al-Siddiq (d. 13 AH / 635 AD) “was the crescent of Rabi’ al-Akhir in the eleventh year”, and it was led by Osama bin Zaid (d. 54 AH / 675 AD) who was satisfied God for them; So he “walked to the people of Abani (= near Al-Balqa/Al-Karama, west of the Jordan), so he launched the raid on them, killing the one who was honored (= went out) to him and captivated whoever was able to do so.. and returned to Medina.” And in his triumphant return, “Abu Bakr went out with the immigrants, and the people of Medina received them with pleasure in their safety.”
And the historian of the great Shami conquests Muhammad ibn Omar al-Waqidi (d. 207 AH/822 AD) – in his book ‘Futuh al-Sham’ – informs us that he was informed that “Abu Bakr al-Siddiq used to go out every day after the dawn prayer” watching the news of the mujahideen in the Levant, and anticipating the messengers coming to him with the news of the conquests Islamic.