Football law states that “each team starts the game with a maximum of 11 players, including the goalkeeper, and there must always be at least 7 players on the field.” But why was the choice specifically on 11 players?
The newspaper “Le Figaro” ( Le Figaro ) French that many theories offer different interpretations of this subject; But none of them provide a definitive answer. Read also Learn the most important tactical plans in football كرة The loan manager .. How did “Al-Lambi” find his way to football clubs?! Watch 6 of the strangest goals in football fields Find out what is going on between football referees through communication devices during matches
Football took a new direction in this country during the second part of the 19th century. The first known rules of football were established in October 1848, under the name Cambridge Rules, thanks to British University students.
The prestigious institution at the time laid out 10 principles that must be respected; But the number of players on the field was never mentioned. This number could have varied according to the universities and the number of participants available.
The newspaper reported that the origin of the story is that some universities decided to play with 11 players; Because its matches were between university housing teams. The university dormitory consisted of 11 students and a supervisor who played as a goalkeeper; But perhaps this story is fictional, especially since the schools at that time played for example with 10 or 15 players.
In 1863, the FA was created, and new rules were drawn up that were inspired by those established at Cambridge a few years earlier. These are the laws of the game that still define the sport today, although many accessories have been added over time.
The original manuscript is kept in the National Football Museum in Manchester. Although it prohibited the use of hands to carry the ball, for example; However, these initial decisions have not yet determined the number of players in each team.
After 8 years, the decision to play with 11 players was circulated, on the occasion of organizing the first edition of the oldest football competition, the FA Cup. This choice was made after several tests to determine the best possible coverage for a football field; But it is also said that the captains preferred this option, taking inspiration from cricket, a very popular sport at the time with the same number of players on each team. This was in order to provide maximum opportunity for football to entice the population. This decision was correct.